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Utility Types

_<T>#

Placeholder that sometimes helps force TS to display what you want it to.

type _<T> = T;

Partial<T>#

Make all properties in T optional

type Partial<T> = { [P in keyof T]?: T[P] };

Required<T>#

Make all properties in T required

type Required<T> = { [P in keyof T]-?: T[P] };

Readonly<T>#

Make all properties in T readonly

type Readonly<T> = { readonly [P in keyof T]: T[P] };

Writable<T>#

Make all properties in T non-readonly.

type Writable<T> = { -readonly [P in keyof T]: T[P] };

Pick<T, K>#

From T pick a set of properties K

type Pick<T, K extends keyof T> = { [P in K]: T[P] };

Omit<T, K>#

Returns a subset of type T which excludes properties K

type Omit<T, K extends keyof T> = Pick<T, Exclude<keyof T, K>>;

Record<K, T>#

Construct a type with a set of properties K of type T

type Record<K extends keyof any, T> = { [P in K]: T };

Exclude<T, U>#

Exclude from T those types that are assignable to U

type Exclude<T, U> = T extends U ? never : T;

Extract<T, U>#

Extract from T those types that are assignable to U

type Extract<T, U> = T extends U ? T : never;

ExtractKeys<T, U>#

Returns a union of all the keys of T whose values extend from U

type ExtractKeys<T, U> = { [K in keyof T]: T[K] extends U ? K : never }[keyof T];

ExtractMembers<T, U>#

Returns a new object type of all the keys of T whose values extend from U

type ExtractMembers<T, U> = Pick<T, ExtractKeys<T, U>>;

ExcludeKeys<T, U>#

Returns a union of all the keys of T whose values do not extend from U

type ExcludeKeys<T, U> = { [K in keyof T]: T[K] extends U ? never : K }[keyof T];

ExcludeMembers<T, U>#

Returns a new object type of all the keys of T whose values do not extend from U

type ExcludeMembers<T, U> = Pick<T, ExcludeKeys<T, U>>;

NonNullable<T>#

Exclude null and undefined from T

type NonNullable<T> = unknown extends T ? defined : T extends null | undefined ? never : T;

Parameters<T>#

Obtain the parameters of a function type in a tuple | never.

type Parameters<T extends (...args: any) => any> = T extends (...args: infer P) => any ? P : never;

ConstructorParameters<T>#

Obtain the parameters of a constructor function type in a tuple | never

type ConstructorParameters<T extends new (...args: any) => any> = T extends new (...args: infer P) => any ? P : never;

ReturnType<T>#

Obtain the return type of a function type

type ReturnType<T extends (...args: Array<any>) => any> = T extends (...args: Array<any>) => infer R ? R : any;

InstanceType<T>#

Obtain the return type of a constructor function type

type InstanceType<T extends new (...args: Array<any>) => any> = T extends new (...args: Array<any>) => infer R
? R
: any;

Reconstruct<T>#

Combines a series of intersections into one object, e.g. { x: number } & { y: number } becomes { x: number, y: number }

type Reconstruct<T> = _<{ [K in keyof T]: T[K] }>;

UnionToIntersection<T>#

Converts a series of object unions to a series of intersections, e.g. A | B becomes A & B

type UnionToIntersection<T> = (T extends object ? (k: T) => void : never) extends (k: infer U) => void ? U : never;

ThisParameterType<T>#

Extracts the type of the 'this' parameter of a function type, or 'unknown' if the function type has no 'this' parameter.

type ThisParameterType<T> = T extends (this: infer U, ...args: Array<any>) => any ? U : unknown;

OmitThisParameter<T>#

Removes the 'this' parameter from a function type.

type OmitThisParameter<T> = unknown extends ThisParameterType<T>
? T
: T extends (...args: infer A) => infer R
? (...args: A) => R
: T;

WritablePropertyNames<T>#

Given an object T, returns a unioned type of all non-readonly property names.

type WritablePropertyNames<T> = {
[K in keyof T]-?: T[K] extends Callback
? never
: (<F>() => F extends { [Q in K]: T[K] } ? 1 : 2) extends <F>() => F extends {
-readonly [Q in K]: T[K];
}
? 1
: 2
? K
: never;
}[keyof T];

WritableProperties<T>#

Given an object T, returns an object with readonly fields filtered out.

type WritableProperties<T> = Pick<T, WritablePropertyNames<T>>;

InstancePropertyNames<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns a unioned type of all property names.

type InstancePropertyNames<T extends Instance> = ExcludeKeys<T, RBXScriptSignal | Callback | symbol>;

InstanceMethodNames<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns a unioned type of all method names.

type InstanceMethodNames<T extends Instance> = ExtractKeys<T, Callback>;

InstanceEventNames<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns a unioned type of all event names.

type InstanceEventNames<T extends Instance> = ExtractKeys<T, RBXScriptSignal>;

InstanceProperties<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns an object with only properties.

type InstanceProperties<T extends Instance> = Pick<T, InstancePropertyNames<T>>;

InstanceMethods<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns an object with only methods.

type InstanceMethods<T extends Instance> = Pick<T, InstanceMethodNames<T>>;

InstanceEvents<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns an object with only events.

type InstanceEvents<T extends Instance> = Pick<T, InstanceEventNames<T>>;

WritableInstanceProperties<T>#

Given an Instance T, returns an object with readonly fields, methods, and events filtered out.

type WritableInstanceProperties<T extends Instance> = WritableProperties<InstanceProperties<T>>;

ExcludeNominalMembers<T>#

Returns a new object type of all the keys of T which do not start with _nominal_

type ExcludeNominalMembers<T> = Pick<T, ExcludeNominalKeys<T>>;